An education, health and care plan (EHCP) is a legally binding document that:
describes all of the special education, health and care needs of the child or young person which relate to their disability
sets out all of the extra help and support they will need to overcome barriers to learning
identifies meaningful education and other outcomes they would like to achieve as they prepare for adult life.
Most children and young people with additional needs don't need an EHCP. Nurseries, schools and colleges have a duty to put support in place to make sure their pupils with additional needs are learning and developing along with their classmates. They regularly evaluate the support they provide to make sure it's working.
When a child's needs are more complex and can't be met by their nursery, school or college, you can then request an EHC assessment, to see if an EHC Plan is the next step.